Reviewed in the United States on September 18, 2017
Here’s the ingredients:
chicken, chicken meal, menhaden fish meal, peas, lentils, pea starch, pea protein, chickpeas, chicken fat (preserved with mixed tocopherols), dried sweet potatoes, dried beet pulp, flaxseed meal, turkey meal, dried eggs, salt, fish oil, choline chloride, dried carrots, dried chicory root, vitamin E supplement, dried Lactobacillus acidophilus fermentation product, dried Lactobacillus casei fermentation product, dried Bifidobacterium thermophilum fermentation product, dried Enterococcus faecium fermentation product, zinc sulfate, iron amino acid chelate, ferrous sulfate, zinc amino acid chelate, Vitamin A supplement, copper sulfate, manganese amino acid chelate, vitamin D3 supplement, niacin, d-calcium pantothenate, manganous oxide, sodium selenite, pyridoxine hydrochloride, copper amino acid chelate, riboflavin supplement, folic acid, Vitamin B12 supplement
I do have a question about the taurine levels in this diet. Legumes make up a large proportion of this kibble – peas, lentils, pea starch, pea protein, chickpeas – and legumes are deficient in the essential amino acid taurine. (Yes, meats are listed first, but there are so many legumes listed afterward that I would like to know how much of the protein comes from meats and how much comes from legumes.) According to the report “Taurine concentrations in animal feed ingredients; cooking influences taurine content” by the Department of Molecular Biosciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, CA, USA: “There was no taurine detected in any of the legumes analysed, which included garbanzo, lima, red and pinto beans; pinto bean juice, garden and blackeye peas and lentils.” The UC-Davis School of Veterinary Medicine is now undertaking a study of taurine-deficient dilated cardiomyopathy in Golden Retrievers. There has been an increase in this diagnosis and it may be due to the feeding of grain free foods which use lots of legumes. Since legumes have a good amount of protein, less meat protein is sometimes used in these kibbles, which may lead to a taurine deficiency. This I And Love And You kibble does not state the taurine level.
Other than this question, this kibble offers far above average ingredients.